The Chinese Chongqing

Chinese "Mountain Dog"

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The Chinese Chongqing Dog is a rare breed of dog native to the Chongqing city of China. In its early years, it was used for hunting wild boar and rabbits, but it is now used in China to protect families and belongings. They are an ancient, natural breed said to have existed for 2,000 years since the time of the Han Dynasty in Ancient China. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the breed's numbers were greatly reduced, and only people in rural communities still kept it; the breed is still rare, even in China.

Common Traits

Eye Color: Amber or Brown

Coat Color: Reddish, Isabella, or dark brown

Coat Length: Short

Coat Density: Sparse to normal

Coat Texture: Straight

Average Size

*May vary by gender


Height: 12-14 inches

Weight: 26-31 pounds


Height: 14-16 inches

Weight: 31-45 pounds


Height: 16-18 inches

Weight: 45-55 pounds


The Chinese Chongqing can display a variety of different traits, depending on their use. A working dog will act reserved with people, being more focused and driven to perform. If your Chongqing is a companion, they will be fiercely loyal and protective towards their family and their property. They do form strong, affectionate bonds with their family members, but most will remain suspicious of strangers. Because of their high instinct to hunt, they are not well suited to living alongside other small animals. Even if trained and raised with them, their instinct to hunt can be triggered with disastrous results. This breed of dog is also aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex. The Chinese Chongqing has a strong territorial nature, and it does retain the potential for aggression. Therefore, this is a dog that needs an experienced owner, someone who understands this canine's character and can control the animal through training, patience, and dedication.

Activity Needs

Activity Level: Medium to High

Weekly Walk Mileage: 14 (minimum)

Activity Per Day: 60 Minutes (minimum)


Maintenance Tools: Slicker Brush, Nail Clippers

Brushing Frequency: Weekly; low-maintenance