The Lowchen

"The Little Lion Dog"

prairie side veterinary hospital, breed information, lowchen breed information


The Löwchen was the dog of 15th century nobility in prominent European countries, such as Belgium, Germany, Spain, and France. Bred for its small size, dense fur, and affectionate nature, it was kept as a companion and often carried to court by the ladies of the day. Traditionally, the hair was clipped close to the skin on the legs, hindquarters, and part of the tail to give the dog a lion look, hence the name “little lion”, or löwchen in German. Today, the breed is still celebrated for its loving nature, and forms close bonds with its human family.

Common Traits

Eye Color: Brown

Coat Color: Black, Brown, Fawn, Red, Sable, White, Brindle, Silver

Length: Medium to Long

Coat Density: Sparse to Normal

Coat Texture: Straight

Average Size

Height: 12-14 in.

Weight: 8-18 lbs.


The Löwchen was bred to be a companion, and this shows in his loving and affectionate nature. He is a people pleaser, and needs to be with his human family every day. This breed craves giving and getting attention, and enjoys the activeness of playing and the relaxation of cuddling with their favorite someone. If the Löwchen does not get the time with his family that he needs, he can be prone to separation anxiety. Though Löwchens can be rambunctious in puppyhood, they often grow into a calm, though alert dog. With a fearless nature, they can be prone to excessive barking as they take their role of watchdog seriously. Though they can be snappy, they do enjoy playing with children. While they can be friendly to animals, they have been known to challenge other family dogs, even if they are much bigger. An intelligent breed, the Löwchen needs early training to prevent bad habits from forming, such as barking or digging. They are eager and can quickly learn obedience. The energetic and playful Löwchen loves activities such as carting, herding, and water trials. Their positive demeanor also makes them excellent therapy dogs.

Activity Needs

Activity Level: Medium

Weekly Walk Mileage: 6 (minimum)

Activity Per Day: 30 Minutes (minimum)


Maintenance Tools: Pin brush, comb, nail clippers

Brushing Frequency: Weekly